Christof Rühl, member of the Advisory Board of Crystol Energy and a Senior Fellow at the Center on Global Energy Policy at Columbia University, discusses the latest global macroeconomic developments and energy markets in this weekly interview to the Gulf Intelligence.
Christof comments on oil prices which are caught between a possible recessionary demand drop and possible sanctions. China’s leadership is clearly poised to execute its zero Covid policy until the party conference in November so that’s bad for energy markets. It may be buying more oil for restocking but what’s very clear is that the economic and political picture is deteriorating very fast. Growth forecasts are now coming in below 4%.
We are not only seeing the consequences of the lockdown and of the over-leveraged financial crisis, but also the political campaign for more egalitarian distribution of wealth, which hit the tech sector for example. All of that is leading to a decline in investment and productivity. In terms of EU sanctions, we have had lots of detailed proposals from the US, but this time around, sanctions are totally unilateral and decentralised – we have voluntary decisions country by country and across fuels. That’s been successful so far, but the moment the conflict situation is no longer ratcheted up, the system will recalibrate, flows will go to Asia and the money will continue to flow to Russia. The cracks are beginning to emerge in EU sanctions policy.
He further discusses whether the panic on inflation has settled down, explaining that we don’t see it accelerating anymore and we might see it coming down a little but it’s not over. We should also remember that Europe and the US are much better placed to withstand inflation and an oil price shock than the emerging markets. Energy expenditures per person are less in terms of percentage of income and they have lower oil intensity and less vulnerability in terms of trade, as well as a sophisticated system of energy storage and distribution.
On how much of the current oil price is a war premium, Christof argues that you can never specify but I would think that without the war, we would be in the same range as before around the $80s. That seems to be the upper end of an oil price in an undisturbed world. And if we had oil from Libya, Nigeria, Iran, Venezuela, the world would have more than enough oil. But this is unlikely to happen.
Christof further explains why the German DAX is stable despite the energy crunch crisis. The German economy came out of Covid very strong, but it does have one central weakness – it is export dependent. If these deglobalisation trends continue and if they are cut off from export markets because economies slow down, then they will be in trouble. But internally from a demand point of view, Germany is okay.
Christof is joined by Adi Imsirovic, Senior Research Fellow, the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. Dyala Sabbagh from Gulf Intelligence moderates the discussion.
Watch the full discussion:
“Sanctions and the Economic Consequences of Higher Oil Prices“, Christof Rühl, Apr 2022
“Energy Markets and the Design of Sanctions on Russia“, Christof Rühl, Mar 2022
“EU Sanctions on Russian Oil“, Dr Carole Nakhle, May 2022
“EU Talks to Ban Russian Oil“, Dr Carole Nakhle, May 2022