Christof Rühl, member of the Advisory Board of Crystol Energy and a Senior Fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School and the Center on Global Energy Policy at Columbia University, discusses the latest global economic developments in this weekly interview to the Gulf Intelligence.
Almost 18 months into Covid, economic activity in the US and in other countries emerging out of the pandemic, is unchanged. So, if we see a rebound within the existing production capacity, there may be inflationary pressures and there may or may not be big investment expenditures within that recovery. That will then decide whether these economies translate any current recovery into long term growth. It is one of the reasons why US President Joe Biden is so adamant on an infrastructure program – to generate high growth rates, long term.
Most European economies are fairly strong, but still not a match for the US or China. Europe is just too fragmented; it had an opportunity for a joint stimulus program financed by a joint bond issue, but they didn’t want to share the debt. Any progress on raising money and fiscal stimulus seems to be evaporating again. By contrast, the boom coming into the US is real and will propel it forward this year and next. The Chinese economy is also on the way back to 6% growth, but that’s low by Chinese standards and Chinese aspirations.
Longer term, $65 seems to be an anchor price. This remains a supply story. We know that flight numbers will not be back to 2019 levels and we know that OPEC+ has about 8 million barrels a day (Mb/d) of spare capacity. Demand will not be strong enough to absorb that, nor possibly the 6 Md/d growth in oil demand expected by some this year. But the OPEC group is also very firmly in control and $65 is a number on which everybody can agree, at least until shale production possibly wakes up in the US.
Christof is joined by Mike Muller, Head, Vitol Asia. Sean Evers, Managing Partner at the Gulf Intelligence, moderates the discussion.
Watch the full discussion:
“New Opportunities 2021: Some optimism for oil markets“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Feb 2021
“OPEC+ JMMC meeting cancellation and Saudi Arabia’s talks to sell 1% of Aramco“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Apr 2021
“Global Economy and Energy Markets Weekly Commentary – 29th Apr ’21“, Carole Nakhle, Apr 2021
“Financing the pandemic response and the EU bond issuance“, Christof Rühl, Apr 2021
“China’s economic growth performance“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Apr 2021