Christof Rühl, member of the Advisory Board of Crystol Energy and a Senior Fellow at the Center on Global Energy Policy at Columbia University, discusses the latest global macroeconomic developments and energy markets in this weekly interview to the Gulf Intelligence.
The freezing of Russian central bank assets is a game changer. Cutting off ‘Fortress Russia’, with its $640 billion foreign currency reserves, will turn it into a financial pariah. This has never happened to a G20 country or one with those size of reserves. Russia won’t be able to pay its debt back and it will not pay dividends anymore, which implies that it will really be cut off in terms of assets and ability to service debt. Also, it will immediately affect its capacity to deal with energy.
The step of kicking some Russian banks out of the global swift financial system is secondary. It will have an impact on increasing transaction costs of trade and will affect oil and gas exports but, eventually, money will find channels. Brokerage houses will be set up and energy trade will continue because it has not been directly sanctioned. We may have oil price spikes for a few weeks, but then it will settle into a new normal.
Christof also comments on the impact of this conflict on global GDP outlook and commodity prices. We are in a deep globalisation period. We have all sorts of bottlenecks. We have China trying to walk a tightrope in the middle. If this conflict leads to more bottlenecks for commodity exports, higher grain prices for poor countries, higher precious metal prices, higher energy prices, the mixture is so combustible and so uncertain that it will fuel inflation and affect growth negatively.
He further talks about the possibility sanctions on Russia encourage more energy flows to China. Russian gas, and commodities, like coal, can be rerouted east and China would be the immediate beneficiary from that. President Xi will try to avoid things which rock the boat, but he will, if in doubt, be pushed more towards Russia than the US. But the Russian people see themselves more as Europeans and want to do trade and business with Europe and the US, more than with the east. Ultimately, this becomes a question of whether the current Russian leadership is capable of steering the ship through all these difficult currents.
Watch the full discussion:
“A suspenseful start for oil prices in 2022“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Feb 2022
“No endgame for Ukraine“, Christof Rühl, Feb 2022
“Oil markets: What crisis?“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Nov 2021
“Russia’s invasion of Ukraine: The impact of sanctions“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Feb 2022
“Ukraine and Oil“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Feb 2022
“Can Russia withstand another wave of sanctions?“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Feb 2022
“Russian-Ukrainian crisis and energy markets“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Feb 2022
“EU Energy Policy amidst the Current Gas Crisis“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Feb 2022
“Did Russia deliberately cause the gas crisis in Europe?“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Jan 2022