Christof Rühl, member of the Advisory Board of Crystol Energy and a Senior Fellow at the Center on Global Energy Policy at Columbia University, discusses the latest global macroeconomic developments and energy markets in this weekly interview to the Gulf Intelligence.
The trend on oil is downwards and volatility is huge. Given that current forecasts are converging towards excess supply for the third and fourth quarter, oil prices are likely to decrease to the $80-90 per barrel range. There are also safety valves in the system such as the SPR release still taking place and OPEC spare capacity of around three million bpd, and the fact that there are members under sanctions where supply could be activated. OPEC has two goals. They like $100 better than $80 and want to keep a floor on prices. Secondly, they want Russia to continue to be part of the organization. They don’t want to lose the ‘Plus’ in OPEC+, and the last thing Russia needs is lower oil prices, so the argument for stable prices holds water.
On the other hand, with margins and spare capacity very thin, any surprise on the political side has the potential to produce huge price spikes. But even there, Russian discounts would soon normalise and that in turn would have an impact on China’s ability to increase their inventories. Inventories are low in the OECD but that’s not necessarily true for China and India.
On the outlook for gas, everything points toward a big conflict in the winter. Russia has lost so much gas shipments into Europe that they must know they are unlikely to get that back. This means there is very little for them to lose and probably something to gain by increasing the pressure towards winter. That’s what everybody here in Germany at least is getting ready for.
With respect to whether the US Fed policy has now been fully absorbed into markets, we are in a better place than we were when the Fed was denying inflation. The markets know that the Fed has to act. Still, within the US, the flexibility in adjusting to this interest rate shock is extraordinarily high so the risk now is the Fed overshooting on the other side because there will be a softening of the impact on inflation from energy markets, which is a substantial part of these very high aggregate numbers. But the underlying problem is still that core inflation is unchanged or rising, and the real issue is inflationary expectations, so the Fed will have to step on the brakes a little longer. The most likely scenario right now is that we don’t get a very deep recession. We may have a slowdown in growth, but it is all on a very comfortable level.
Watch the full discussion:
“Russia’s oil is in long-term decline – and the war has only added to the problem“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Jul 2022
“Europe’s energy crisis and Norway’s role in breaking the Russian monopoly“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Aug 2022
“OPEC+ warns of limited investment in the oil and gas sector“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Aug 2022
“Oil and gas markets outlook“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Aug 2022
“Biden Acknowledges OPEC’s Raison D’Être“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Jul 2022
“Biden set sights on pledge for more oil from Gulf allies“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Jul 2022
“OPEC+ alone can’t fix Joe Biden’s oil problem“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Jun 2022