Christof Rühl, member of the Advisory Board of Crystol Energy and a Senior Fellow at the Center on Global Energy Policy at Columbia University, discusses the latest global macroeconomic developments and energy markets in this weekly interview to the Gulf Intelligence.
Christof estimates oil prices to remain somewhere around $100 in the third quarter. An expected recession and slowdown in economic growth, plus the lockdown in China, have played a role in bringing oil prices down and there have also been safety valves such as the SPR release and the possibility of Iran and Nigeria producing more. So, excess supply is expected to dominate over demand. The biggest unknown for 2H 2022 is the impact of continued sanctions on Russian oil production capacity. The intention that Russian crude would suffer has not materialised yet, even though production has declined a little bit. On the other end of the equation, we have much higher product prices than crude oil prices because of refining margins, but based on historical experience, the global refining system is quite flexible and can adjust its configuration over the next 6 to 12 months.
He further comments on whether the G7 proposed price cap on Russian oil could work. It’s a difficult plan because it relies on there being a sizeable part of total demand taking part, and if we only have the G7, including the European Union, implementing a price cap, then not much will change. It will just push deliveries into Asia, and if it really were to be executed as planned, the price would be below the current discount, and that’s unlikely to be sustainable when demand in Asia goes up. Politically, it does not seem to be any will from India and China to blatantly participate against the interests of Russia. By contrast, the voluntary sanctions on Russian gas by countries like Denmark and Romania have worked better in Europe than the mandatory centralised oil sanctions. The amount of Russian pipeline gas delivered into the EU has fallen by half of the share compared to before the war.
On OPEC+ and its future agenda, the group has gone quiet because they seem to be caught between their inability to increase output anywhere close to quotas and being the central bank of oil. The key question for them is how to keep Russia in the fold because a group like OPEC+ is the more effective the more members it has. I think that both Russia and the core OPEC members have a huge incentive to stick together and to devise a new scheme for navigating these choppy waters. They may step back a little bit from making big announcements on managing the market for now, but they will become significant again the next time oil prices are significantly down.
Watch the full discussion:
“Energy Sanctions and the Global Economy: Mandated vs Unilateral Sanctions“, Christof Rühl, May 2022
“Sanctions and the Economic Consequences of Higher Oil Prices“, Christof Rühl, Apr 2022
“Energy Markets and the Design of Sanctions on Russia“, Christof Rühl, Mar 2022
OPEC+ alone can’t fix Joe Biden’s oil problem, Dr Carole Nakhle, Jun 2022
Russian crude finds its way to Asia“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Jun 2022
Global Economy and Energy Markets Weekly Commentary – 23rd Jun ‘22, Dr Carole Nakhle, Jun 2022
“Oil Slides on Saudi Output Report“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Jun 2022
“Global oil markets and OPEC+ plans“, Dr Carole Nakhle, Jun 2022
“A new oil cartel?“, Dr Carole Nakhle, May 2022